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Penguin Species

There are approximately 18 different penguin species. Confusingly, some scientists insist that there are more or less than 18 species. For example, they state the Rockhopper Penguin as two different species, the Southern and Northern Rockhopper Penguin, while other scientists arrange them as subspecies.
The same problem comes up for the White-flippered Penguin. It is classified as an own species or subspecies of the Little Blue Penguin.

The smallest penguin is the Little Blue Penguin, it is only 30 cm tall. The Emperor Penguin reaches the maximum size of all recent penguins, it can grow over one meter! The extinct Pachydyptes Ponderosus could even achieve a size of 1,60 m.
All penguin species are living on the southern hemisphere. They are distributed from Antarctica till equatorial regions like the Galapagos Islands. So, penguins do not live at antarctic regions in perpetual ice exclusively - contrary to what many people have in mind.
Today almost two thirds of the penguin species are listed as "vulnerable" or even as "endangered" by the IUCN. That is why conservation is very important!

A comparison of all species in weight, size, egg size and IUCN status you can find here or if you click the link in the menue on the left side.

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Animalia (Animals)
Phylum: Chordata (Chordates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Order: Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae (Penguins)


Recent Penguin Species

Genus Great Penguins (Aptenodytes)

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Photographed by: Ian Duffy (UK)
Source: Wikipedia

Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri)

Antarctic continent
Status: near threatened


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Photographed by: Ben Tubby
Source: Wikipedia

King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus)

Surrounded islands of Antarctica
Status: least concern


Genus Brush-tailed Penguins (Pygoscelis)

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Photographed by: Brent J. Sinclair
Source: Wikipedia

Adelie Penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae)

Antarctic peninsula, subantarctic islands
Status: near threatened


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Photographed by: Katrin Opitz
Zoo Munich, Germany

Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua)

Antarctic peninsula, subantarctic islands
Status: near threatened


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Photographed by: Gilad Rom (Israel)
Source: Wikipedia

Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica)

Antarctic peninsula, subantarctic islands
Status: least concern


Genus Crested Penguins (Eudyptes)

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Photographed by: Thomas Mattern
Source: Wikipedia

Fiordland Penguin (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus)

Western coast of the Southern Island of New Zealand, Stewart Island
Status: vulnerable


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Photographed by: Thomas Mattern
Source: Wikipedia

Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus)

Snares Islands
Status: vulnerable


Erect-crested Penguin (Eudyptes sclateri)

Antipodes Islands, Bounty Islands, Auckland Islands
Status: endangered


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Photographed by: Hullwarren
Source: Wikipedia

Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli)

Macquarie Island
Status: vulnerable


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Photographed by: Jerzy Strzelecki
Source: Wikipedia

Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus)

Antarctic peninsula, subantarctic islands
Status: vulnerable


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Photographed by: Katrin Opitz
"Rocky" at SANCCOB in Cape Town, South Africa

Northern Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes moseleyi)

Tristan da Cunha island group, Gough Island, Amsterdam and Saint Paul Islands
Status: endangered



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Photographed by: Samuel Blanc
www.sblanc.com
Quelle: Wikipedia

Southern Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome)

Surrounded islands of Antarctica
Status: vulnerable


Genus Megadyptes

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Photographed by: Christian Mehlf├╝hrer
Source: Wikipedia

Yellow-eyed Penguin (Megadyptes antipodes)

Stewart Island, Auckland Islands, Campbell Island, southern part of the Southern Island of New Zealand
Status: endangered


Genus Banded Penguins (Spheniscus)

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Photographed by: Katrin Opitz
Zoo Bremerhaven, Germany

Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)

Peru, Chile
Status: vulnerable


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Photographed by: Katrin Opitz
Boulders Beach, South Africa

African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus)

Namibia, Western and Eastern Cape of South Africa and surrounded islands (e.g. Robben Island, Dassen Island, St Croix Island)
Status: endangered


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Photographed by: Guglielmo Celata
Source: Wikipedia

Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus)

Southern Argentina, Tierra del Fuego, Southern Chile, Falkland Islands
Status: near threatened


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Photographed by: putneymark
Source: Wikipedia

Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus)

Galapagos Islands
Status: endangered


Genus Little Blue Penguins (Eudyptula)

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Photographed by: Magnus Kjaergaard
Source: Wikipedia

Little Blue Penguin (Eudyptula minor)

Southern Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and surrounded islands
Status: least concern